As women in tech, we are fairly accustomed hearing the phrases “gender wage gap” and “gender diversity.” We’ve read the reports, studied the data, and done the math to find out the tech world has some room for improvement. While gender equality may be more visible in the workplace, can we say the same about pay? Can we determine how equally women are paid based on the gender diversity of a company?
We may have a more definite answer than you think.
Let’s ask Redfin + PayScale
We already know that companies with more women executives are more profitable. But these companies are also paying their female employees more fairly, according to a new analysis by Redfin and PayScale. The gender pay gap is half the size at tech companies with more women executives.
For this study, Redfin, customer-first real estate brokerage that represents people buying and selling homes, examined the gender makeup of executive teams at 31
of the largest U.S. tech companies. Companies where women made up more than 25 percent of the executive team were considered to have a high rate of female executives, while companies with fewer than 20 percent were considered to have a low rate. Companies where women made up 21 to 24 percent of the executive team were not included. PayScale then analyzed 6,562 salary profiles of people who reported working for these companies between June 2015 and 2017.
Redfin looked at the gender pay gap in two ways. First, Redfin compared salaries between men and women at similar levels and with similar years of experience. Then, they looked at the median salary for men and women regardless of job level or experience.
At companies with more women executives, women earned 98 cents for every dollar that men in similar roles earned. The two-cent pay gap might not sound like much, but for a man earning a $100,000 salary, a woman would earn $96,000 at a company with fewer women executives, compared to $98,000 at a company with more women at the top. This disparity adds up to tens of thousands of dollars over a woman’s career.
And the pay gap difference is a whopping 14 cents when you look at all men and women without controlling for whether they are in similar roles and levels. This suggests that companies with a high percentage of women execs also have more women in other highly-paid roles. This is what PayScale refers to as the opportunity gap."
Employee Satisfaction is Higher for Men and Women, Too
It may not be surprising that companies with more female executives have a narrower pay gap. But our study also showed that both men and women report a higher level of job satisfaction at companies with more female leaders, and fewer of them say they are considering leaving in the next six months.
PayScale analyzed 6,562 salary profiles of employees surveyed between June 2015 and June 2017 who listed their employer as being one of the 31 predetermined major tech companies chosen by Redfin. High female leadership refers to major tech companies whose leadership teams are at least 25% female, and low female leadership refers to major tech companies whose leadership teams are less than 20% female. The controlled gender pay gap controls for variables such as years of experience, whereas the uncontrolled gender pay gap is measured by looking only at median pay.